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Activity 2: Analyze the following text very carefully. Then, complete the table
This paper purports to assess the linguistic complexity of students’ narratives and
reading texts. However, the authors never stated the purpose behind the study. The authors
provide no motivations and goals for the study, no research questions, no strong
methodological practices, and very few findings that can be easily interpreted. While reading
the study, every new sentence is surprise. There are no details and the entire paper is
completely under referenced.
Below I will discuss some of the major problems with the paper. First, the authors never
provide a rationale for their study. They never give a reason as to why they are studying
reading and writing together and they fail to link the two skills. The authors assume that the
reader knows the narrative and made no attempt to assist them in developing the narrative of
the paper. Another major problem with the paper is the naiveté that is apparent in the literature
review, the methods, and the analysis. The literature review is perhaps two pages long and
boost up on their knowledge of L2 writing and reading theory before they submit a paper to a
It is interesting that the language background of the participants is never made explicit
(participants are at the mid beginners to high beginners level in using English is a second
language). The extent to which any results found in the study would be widely generalizable
to what is typically conceived as an EFL/ESL learner is not clear. Moreover, the author
continually draw on literature meant for an L1 acquisition audience and therefore of dubious
extension to L2 contexts.
The methods section contains no details at all. Ten participants per grade level, in a
stratified random sample, hardly seemed enough to get much stable data. Since, there are
only ten participants per grade level on both accredited and non-accredited schools due to
logistical constraints; the paper is more on exploratory study. In other words, it seems a stretch
to ask most journal readers to generalize from such a limited sample from such a specific
population. The authors state that “pupils were not given limits as to time and number of words,
for them to be relaxed in their narrative production” (p.5). However, later the authors explain
that those written data also form the basis of the corpus used for analysis. How does this
differential production affect the results of the analysis? Surely, a participant who produces
1,000 words will have different results from one who produce 500. It is not clear how the
authors can assert any sort of pattern from linguistic ‘snapshot’ from just 10 students per
school, producing such heterogeneous data samples. Again, from such a modest sample size.
In general, the paper is hard to read. This likely goes back to the lack of research
problems. There are few transitions and, organizationally, the paper does not set up any
expectations for the reader. The first paragraph is a great example because it contains a single
sentence and at least five different clauses. The final paragraph in the introduction (right before
the methods sections) is another example. I have read that paragraph four times and am not
sure how to process it.
There are major problems with this paper, but I do not have a time or the energy to discuss
them all. The authors really need to rethink the purpose of the collected data and educate
themselves in the field of L2 reading and writing. I would highly suggest that the authors reread
issues of the journal of Second Language Writing and Reading in a Foreign Language.
Type of Document
Purpose of the
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10.d or a
The purpose of a literature review is to gain an understanding of the existing research and debates relevant to a particular topic or area of study, and to present that knowledge in the form of a written report. Conducting a literature review helps you build your knowledge in your field.
#sana makatulong :)