Nakatutok ANG Athens sa mga Home Economics. Hinahalaga nila ang tunay at tama na edukasyon para sa pamilya. Ang Spartan naman ay naniniwala sa palakasan. Ang mga babae din ay sumasali sa pag-aaway. Sa Athens, masmataas ang posisyon ng lalaki kaysa sa babae. Sa Sparta, magkapantay-pantay and kanilang mga posisyon.
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens' government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.