the species that you and all other living human beings on this planet belong to is homo sapiens. during a time of dramatic climate change 300,000 years ago, homo sapiens evolved in africa.
the word "china" is derived from cin (چین), a persian name for china popularized in europe by marco polo. the first recorded use in english dates from 1555. in early usage, "china" as a term for porcelain was spelled differently from the name of the country, the two words being derived from separate persian words. both these words are derived from the sanskrit word cīna (चीन), used as a name for china as early as ad 150.
answer: mesopotamia is a historical region of western asia situated within the tigris–euphrates river system, in the northern part of the fertile crescent, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of iraq, kuwait, the eastern parts of syria, southeastern turkey, and regions along the turkish–syrian and iran–iraq borders.
the sumerians and akkadians (including assyrians and babylonians) dominated mesopotamia from the beginning of written history (c. 3100 bc) to the fall of babylon in 539 bc, when it was conquered by the achaemenid empire. it fell to alexander the great in 332 bc, and after his death, it became part of the greek seleucid empire.